This page has been superceded by four separate pages:
Sophie, Inge, Erica and Franz Neumann.
I leave this page here for documentation purposes only.
visitors to my Herbert Marcuse page have asked me about his wife Erica
Sherover, and also about Inge Neumann. Thus I have made this page to collect
some information about the three women he was married to. Additional contributions
Sophie was a mathematician. She was married to Herbert Marcuse
from 1924 until her death from cancer in 1951.
Inge S. Neumann (nee Werner) (1913-1972?)[actually -1973]
This picture from ca. 1937 shows: Franz & Inge Neumann, Golde & Leo Loewenthal, Herbert & Sophie Marcuse.
Herbert married Inge Neumann, the widow of his friend Franz Neumann, in 1956. Inge was the author of:
From the 1960s until her death in the summer of 1972, Inge taught modern languages at San Diego State University.
Franz Leopold Neumann (1900-1954), a political scientist, was also a member of the Frankfurt School emigre community in the United States. Franz, who died unexpectedly in a car accident, is best known as the author of:
Neumann was also the mentor of Raul Hilberg's pathbreaking three volume dissertation about the bureaucracy of the Nazi genocide, published in 1961 as The Destruction of the European Jews. (1961, 1967, 1978, 1981, 1985). Hilberg describes Neumann's feelings about Hilberg's topic briefly in the introduction to his autobiography, The Politics of Memory (1996).
After Franz's death Herbert edited a collection of his essays:
Finally, see also this posthumous collection:
Erica Sherover-Marcuse (1938-1988)
Erica (known to her friends as Ricky) studied with my grandfather, Herbert Marcuse, at UC San Diego in the 1970s. After his second wife, Inge Neumann, died, Ricky and Herbert were married on June 21, 1976. Herbert died in July 1979; Ricky died of cancer on December 15, 1988. This page collects some of the documents available on the web by and about Ricky and her work.
Ricky was perhaps best known for the "Unlearning Racism" workshops she developed and led in the Bay area of California and nationally. Her partner after Herbert's death, Kostas Bagakis, still works in the movement.
The place on the web to go to for more information
about Ricky is UnlearningRacism.org (site),
a website devoted to her life's work. It has a detailed illustrated biographical
article that Bettina Aptheker wrote in 1989 (page
1, page 2,
page 3), which
includes photos from Ricky's childhood (born in New York City, she lived
in Mexico and had a communist German refugee governess from ages 5 to
9, ca. 1943-1947) and all phases of her life right up until her death.
See also this reminiscence from JDD, whose work in AIDS prevention was inspired by Ricky.
As most academics, Ricky is traceable in her publications:
1975: Erica Sherover, review of Russell Jacoby's Social Amnesia: A Critique of Conformist Psychology, in: Telos no. 25, Fall 1975.
1979: "The Virtue of Poverty: Marx's Transformation of Hegel's Concept
of the Poor" in Canadian Journal of Political and Social Theory
(vol. 3, no. 1), 53-66. (14 page pdf
[2.2MB=long download!]) (with comment by Jeremy J. Shapiro, 67-70; pdf).
version archived on ctheory.net
See Ricky's September 27, 1979 letter to the New York Review of Books after Herbert's death (authored jointly with Herbert's son Peter).
Her major book, deriving from her dissertation, was published in 1986:
March 30, 1986 letter from Ricky to Harold Marcuse, in which she describes how Herbert could spend a whole year reading 150 pages of Hegel with a graduate seminar (a practice he learned with Heidegger). Ricky also mentions beginning cancer treatments.
Ricky died on Dec. 15, 1988, having been diagnosed with cancer less than two years earlier.
Obituary from the Los Angeles Times, Sunday Dec. 25, 1988, pg. 54: